Friday 20 Oct 2017
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About Kefalonia...

Kefalonia is an island of contrasts, a mix of mythology and history.  To the north of the island there are high white cliffs plunging into the stunning blue waters and in the south of the island Mount Ainos towers above with its emerald green slopes covered in the Abies Kefalonica fir trees.  It’s an island of phenomena and mystery where sea water on the west coast forces its way through the mountains and crosses to the east coast forming the magnificent Melissani underground lake and our Island’s Saint whose body remained completely intact after being buried for 2 years and can be seen today in a splendid silver sarcophagus in the Omala Valley.

The first inhabitants date back to around 4,000 BC and it’s believed the island got its name from Kefalos, a man seen in mythology doing the bidding of the Greek God’s and his rewarded was this island which became known as Kefalonia.

The first major civilization on Kefalonia was in 1500 BC the Mycenaeans and it’s during this time that the Trojan was fought in 1193 BC.  The war ended some 10 years later when Odysseys, King of Ithaca came up with the idea of the Trojan Horse.

 The 4 sons of the first King of Kefalonia, Proni, Pali, Sami and Krani gave their names to the four city states back in 800 BC and came to an end when the Romans invaded Kefalonia in 187 BC.

The Byzantines ruled Kefalonia from around 330 AD and made the island the administration centre for the Ionian Island and built the Citadel of St Georges.  Separation from the Byzantines came in 1185 and the island became known as the County Palatine of Kefalonia & Zakynthos and remained under Italian rule for the next 294 years.

In 1479 the island was taken by the Ottoman Empire but this was short lived because the Venetians took Kefalonia in 1500 and reinforced the Byzantine Citadel of St Georges and made it the Capital of the island and ruled for 297 years.  After the Venetians came both the French and the Russians until in 1809 the island was taken by the British.  During the British Rule the Greeks rose up against their Ottoman overlords and Kefalonia and the rest of the Ionian Islands where united with modern Greece in 1864 on 21st May.


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